TURBOMOLE & phonopy calculation

Supported features

The riper module of TURBOMOLE can be used to study periodic structures. The TURBOMOLE interface reads the unit cell from TURBOMOLE input files. Lattice vectors and the name of the coordinate file are read from the control file. Atomic symbols and Cartesian coordinates are read from the coordinate file.

How to run

The workflow for a TURBOMOLE-Phonopy calculation is outlined here using the Si example found in example/Si-TURBOMOLE.

In this example, the TURBOMOLE input files are control and coord. This is the default for the TURBOMOLE interface and therefore the -c control parameter is not needed.

  1. Create supercells with --turbomole option:

    % phonopy --turbomole --dim="3 3 3" -d
    

    In this example, the Si crystal structure is defined with the conventional unit cell of eight atoms and 3x3x3 supercells are created. For every supercell, the interface creates a subdirectory with control and coord files. Files in supercell contain the perfect supercell. The files in supercell-xxx (xxx are numbers) contain the supercells with displacements. File phonopy_disp.yaml is also generated, containing information about the supercell and the displacements.

    In the case of the Si example, subdirectory supercell-001 will be created.

  2. Complete TURBOMOLE inputs need to be prepared manually in the subdirectories.

    Note that supercells with displacements must not be relaxed, because the atomic forces induced by a small atomic displacement are what we need for phonon calculation. To get accurate forces, $scfconv should be at least 10. Phonopy includes this data group automatically in the control file. You also need to choose a k-point mesh for the force calculations. TURBOMOLE data group $riper may need to be adjusted to improve SCF convergence (see example files in subdirectory supercell-001 for further details)

    Then, TURBOMOLE supercell calculations are executed to obtain forces on atoms, e.g., as follows:

    % riper > supercell-001.out
    
  3. To create FORCE_SETS file required by Phonopy, the following command is executed:

    % phonopy --turbomole -f supercell-*
    

    Here supercell-* directories contain the TURBOMOLE output files from the force calculations (only the file gradient is required). To run this command, phonopy_disp.yaml has to be located in the current directory because the information on atomic displacements stored in this file are used to generate FORCE_SETS. See some more detail at TURBOMOLE interface.

  4. Now, Phonopy post-prcessing commands can be run. FORCE_SETS is automatically read in. Note that here PRIMITIVE_AXES is defined in band.conf to create the phonon dispersions for the primitive cell.

    Create phonon dispersion plot with:

    % phonopy --turbomole --dim="3 3 3" -p -s band.conf
            _
      _ __ | |__   ___  _ __   ___   _ __  _   _
     | '_ \| '_ \ / _ \| '_ \ / _ \ | '_ \| | | |
     | |_) | | | | (_) | | | | (_) || |_) | |_| |
     | .__/|_| |_|\___/|_| |_|\___(_) .__/ \__, |
     |_|                            |_|    |___/
                                      2.1.1
    
     Python version 3.7.1
     Spglib version 1.12.1
     Calculator interface: turbomole
     Crystal structure was read from "control".
     Band structure mode
     Settings:
       Supercell: [3 3 3]
       Primitive matrix:
         [0.  0.5 0.5]
         [0.5 0.  0.5]
         [0.5 0.5 0. ]
     Spacegroup: Fd-3m (227)
     Use -v option to watch primitive cell, unit cell, and supercell structures.
    
     Forces and displacements are read from "FORCE_SETS".
     Computing force constants...
     Max drift of force constants: -0.000000 (xx) -0.000000 (xx)
     Reciprocal space paths in reduced coordinates:
     [ 0.000  0.000  0.000] --> [ 0.500  0.000  0.500]
     [ 0.500  0.000  0.500] --> [ 0.500  0.250  0.750]
     [ 0.500  0.250  0.750] --> [ 0.375  0.375  0.750]
     [ 0.375  0.375  0.750] --> [ 0.000  0.000  0.000]
     [ 0.000  0.000  0.000] --> [ 0.500  0.500  0.500]
     [ 0.500  0.500  0.500] --> [ 0.625  0.250  0.625]
     [ 0.625  0.250  0.625] --> [ 0.500  0.250  0.750]
     [ 0.500  0.250  0.750] --> [ 0.500  0.500  0.500]
     [ 0.500  0.500  0.500] --> [ 0.375  0.375  0.750]
                      _
        ___ _ __   __| |
       / _ \ '_ \ / _` |
      |  __/ | | | (_| |
       \___|_| |_|\__,_|
    

    turbomole-band

    For further settings and command options, see the general Phonopy documentation Setting tags and Command options, respectively, and for examples, see Examples.